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Poly-3-hydroxyoctanoate P(3HO), a medium chain length polyhydroxyalkanoate homopolymer from Pseudomonas mendocina

Rai, Ranjana and Yunos, Darmawati M. and Boccaccini, Aldo R. and Knowles, Jonathan C. and Barker, Ian A. and Howdle, Steven M. and Tredwell, Gregory D. and Keshavarz, Tajalli and Roy, Ipsita (2011) Poly-3-hydroxyoctanoate P(3HO), a medium chain length polyhydroxyalkanoate homopolymer from Pseudomonas mendocina. Biomacromolecules, 12 (6). pp. 2126-2136. ISSN 1525-7797

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bm2001999

Abstract

Pseudomonas mendocina was found to produce a unique homopolymer of poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate), P(3HO), rather than a copolymer, when grown on sodium octanoate as the sole carbon source. Although this polymer has been produced by other organisms, interestingly this is the first time an absolute homopolymer has been produced by a wild type organism. In addition, a detailed study on the effects of different extraction methods on the yield, molecular weight, thermal properties, and lipopolysaccharide content of P(3HO) has been carried out. The organism was able to accumulate P(3HO) up to 31.38% of its dry cell weight within 48 h in mineral salt medium. Characterization of the monomer was carried out using FTIR, GC-MS, (13)C, (1)H, and HSQC NMR spectroscopy. The polymer had a crystallinity of 37.5%, Young's modulus value of 11.6 MPa and contact angle of 77.3°. Microstructural studies of solvent cast polymer films revealed a smooth surface topography with a root-mean-square roughness value of 0.238 μm.

Item Type:Article
Research Community:University of Westminster > Life Sciences, School of
ID Code:10022
Deposited On:06 Oct 2011 14:45
Last Modified:06 Oct 2011 14:45

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