Clow, Angela and Theodorou, Andreas and Jenner, Peter and Marsden, C.D. (1980) Changes in rat striatal dopamine turnover and receptor activity during one years neuroleptic administration. European Journal of Pharmacology, 63 (2-3). pp. 135-144. ISSN 0014-2999
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-2999(80)90437-9
Administration of trifluoperazine (2.5–3.5 mg/kg/day p.o.) or thioridazine (30–40 mg/kg/day) for up to 1 year initially increased homovanillic acid and 3,5-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid cocentrations in striatum. However, by 1 month and thereafter metabolite levels returned to control values. Dopmaine concentrations were elevated after 3 months administrations of both drugs and also after 12 months administration of trifluoperazine Trifluoperzine administration for 1 month produced a marked increase in the dissociation constant (KD) for striatal 3H-spiperone binding but a reduction in receptor numbers. Thereafter receptor numbers increased at 6 and 12 months in both trifluoperazine and thioridazine treated animals compared to control values. The KD for both drug treated groups returned to normal at 6 months; however, by 12 months drug treated animals again demonstrated high KD values. Dopamine stimulation of striatal adenylate cyclase was inhiited after administration of trifluoperazine or thioridazine for 1 week or 1 month. However, by 6 and 12 months this effect was replaced by an enhanced stimulation. Administration of lower doses of trifluoperzine (0.7–0.9 mg/kg/day p.o.) or thioridazine (6–9 mg/kg/day p.o.) for up to 1 year produced similar although generally less marked changes in these biochemical indices of dopamine function. This study provides evidence of biochemical changes which parallel the behavioural findings of enhanced dopamine receptor activity that occur during continuous long-term neuroleptic administration to rodents.
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