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The effect of hypoxia and work intensity on insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes

Mackenzie, Richard W.A. and Elliott, Bradley and Maxwell, Neil S. and Brickley, Gary and Watt, Peter W. (2012) The effect of hypoxia and work intensity on insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 97 (1). pp. 155-162. ISSN 0021-972X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2011-1843

Abstract

Context:Hypoxia and muscle contraction stimulate glucose transport in vitro. We have previously demonstrated that exercise and hypoxia have an additive effect on insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetics.Objectives:Our objective was to examine the effects of three different hypoxic/exercise (Hy Ex) trials on glucose metabolism and insulin resistance in the 48 h after acute hypoxia in type 2 diabetics.Design, Participants, and Interventions:Eight male type 2 diabetics completed 60 min of hypoxic [mean (sem) O(2) = ∼14.7 (0.2)%] exercise at 90% of lactate threshold [Hy Ex(60); 49 (1) W]. Patients completed an additional two hypoxic trials of equal work, lasting 40 min [Hy Ex(40); 70 (1) W] and 20 min [Hy Ex(20); 140 (12) W].Main Outcome Measures:Glucose rate of appearance and rate of disappearance were determined using the one-compartment minimal model. Homeostasis models of insulin resistance (HOMA(IR)), fasting insulin resistance index and β-cell function (HOMA(β-cell)) were calculated at 24 and 48 h after trials.Results:Peak glucose rate of appearance was highest during Hy Ex(20) [8.89 (0.56) mg/kg · min, P < 0.05]. HOMA(IR) and fasting insulin resistance index were improved in the 24 and 48 h after Hy Ex(60) and Hy Ex(40) (P < 0.05). HOMA(IR) decreased 24 h after Hy Ex(20) (P < 0.05) and returned to baseline values at 48 h.Conclusions:Moderate-intensity exercise in hypoxia (Hy Ex(60) and Hy Ex(40)) stimulates acute- and moderate-term improvements in insulin sensitivity that were less apparent in Hy Ex(20). Results suggest that exercise duration and not total work completed has a greater influence on acute and moderate-term glucose control in type 2 diabetics.

Item Type:Article
Research Community:University of Westminster > Life Sciences, School of
ID Code:10084
Deposited On:20 Oct 2011 14:42
Last Modified:17 Jul 2013 16:58

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