Sakr, Naomi (2003) Freedom of expression, accountability and development in the Arab region. Journal of Human Development, 4 (1). pp. 29-46. ISSN 1464-9888
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1464988032000051478
Mechanisms for ensuring government transparency and accountability have yet to become established in the Arab region, where oil rents and security rents have traditionally enabled governments to provide jobs and services without having to rely heavily, if at all, on raising revenue through personal income tax on citizens. Yet various forms of resource mobilisation, which will be needed in future, are likely to require a greater degree of accountability from those responsible for such mobilisation. This paper considers whether a move in this direction is under way. It reviews government approaches to freedom of expression in the media and among non-governmental organisations. It notes changes that have taken place in this sphere since the start of the 1990s, not all of them positive, and concludes that many more steps remain to be taken if media organisations and NGOs are to exert pressure for accountability on behalf of citizens, and especially the disadvantaged.
|Additional Information:||CAMRI. Online ISSN 1469-9516|
|Research Community:||University of Westminster > Media, Arts and Design, School of|
|Deposited On:||15 Feb 2006|
|Last Modified:||11 Aug 2010 15:30|
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