Social dominance orientation predicts drive for muscularity among British men

Swami, Viren, Neofytou, Rudolfos-Valentino, Jablonska , Joanna, Thirlwell, Holly, Taylor, Donna A. and McCreary, Donald R. (2013) Social dominance orientation predicts drive for muscularity among British men. Body Image, 10 (4). pp. 653-656. ISSN 1740-1445

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2013.07.007

Abstract

The present study tested the hypothesis that men's drive for muscularity would be associated with their valuation of domination, power, status, and aggression over others. A community sample of 359 men from London, UK, completed measures of drive for muscularity, social dominance orientation, right-wing authoritarianism, trait aggression, and need for power, as well as their demographic details. Bivariate correlations showed that greater drive for muscularity was significantly correlated with most of the measures and their subscales. However, in a multiple regression analysis, the only significant predictor of drive for muscularity was support for group-based dominance hierarchies (Adj. R2 = .17). These results suggest that men's drive for muscularity is associated with a socio-political ideology that favours social dominance.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: University of Westminster > Social Sciences and Humanities
Depositing User: Rachel Wheelhouse
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2013 10:33
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2013 10:33
URI: http://westminsterresearch.wmin.ac.uk/id/eprint/13280

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