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Stage-dependent localization of a novel gene product of the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum

Nguyen, Thanh V. and Fujioka, Hisashi and Kang, Angray S. and Rogers, William O. and Fidock, David A. and James, Anthony A. (2001) Stage-dependent localization of a novel gene product of the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 276 (28). pp. 26724-26731. ISSN 0021-9258

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M103375200

Abstract

A novel Plasmodium falciparum gene, MB2, was identified by screening a sporozoite cDNA library with the serum of a human volunteer protected experimentally by the bites of P. falciparum-infected and irradiated mosquitoes. The single-exon, single-copy MB2 gene is predicted to encode a protein with an Mr of 187,000. The MB2 protein has an amino-terminal basic domain, a central acidic domain, and a carboxyl-terminal domain with similarity to the GTP-binding domain of the prokaryotic translation initiation factor 2. MB2 is expressed in sporozoites, the liver, and blood-stage parasites and gametocytes. The MB2 protein is distributed as a ~120-kDa moiety on the surface of sporozoites and is imported into the nucleus of blood-stage parasites as a ~66-kDa species. Proteolytic processing is favored as the mechanism regulating the distinct subcellular localization of the MB2 protein. This differential localization provides multiple opportunities to exploit the MB2 gene product as a vaccine or therapeutic target.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Online ISSN 1083-351X
Research Community:University of Westminster > Life Sciences, School of
ID Code:1543
Deposited On:12 May 2006
Last Modified:11 Aug 2010 15:30

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