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Assessing energy consumption in supply chains

Browne, Michael and Allen, Julian and Rizet, Christophe (2006) Assessing energy consumption in supply chains. International Journal of Logistics, 9 (3). pp. 237-252. ISSN 1367-5567

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13675560600859243

Abstract

The paper addresses the transport activities and associated energy consumption involved in the production and supply of two products: jeans and yoghurt. In the case of jeans, the analysis is from the locations in which cotton is grown, to retail outlets in the UK; in the case of yoghurt, the analysis is from the supply of milk on farms, to retail outlets in France. The results show that the transport stages from the point of jeans manufacture to UK port are responsible for the greatest proportion of transport energy use per kilogram of jeans in the UK supply chain. In the case of the French yoghurt supply chains, the results indicate that each of the three transport stages from farm to third-party distribution centre consume approximately the same proportion of total freight transport energy. The energy used on the transport stage for yoghurt from third-party distribution centre to retail outlet varies depending on the type of retail outlet served. Far greater quantities of energy are used in transporting jeans than yoghurts from farm/field to retail outlet. This is explained by the distances involved in the respective supply chains. Both case studies demonstrate that the energy used by consumers transporting goods to their homes by car can be as great as total freight transport energy used in the supply chain from farm/field to retail outlet (per kilogram of product transported).

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Online ISSN 1469-848X
Research Community:University of Westminster > Architecture and the Built Environment, School of
ID Code:1878
Deposited On:06 Jun 2006
Last Modified:22 Oct 2009 10:11

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