Self esteem and self agency in first episode psychosis: Ethnic variation and relationship with clinical presentation

Ciufolini, S., Morgan, C., Morgan, K.D., Fearon, P., Boydell, J., Hutchinson, G., Demjaha, A., Girardi, P., Doody, G.A., Jones, P.B., Murray, R.M. and Dazzan, P. (2015) Self esteem and self agency in first episode psychosis: Ethnic variation and relationship with clinical presentation. Psychiatry Research, 227 (2-3). pp. 213-218. ISSN 0165-1781

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2015.03.030

Abstract

he impact of self esteem and Locus of Control (LoC) on clinical presentation across different ethnic groups of patients at their first psychotic episode (FEP) remains unknown. We explored these constructs in 257 FEP patients (Black n=95; White British n=119) and 341 controls (Black n=70; White British n=226), and examined their relationship with symptom dimensions and pathways to care. FEP patients presented lower self-esteem and a more external LoC than controls. Lower self esteem was associated with a specific symptoms profile (more manic and less negative symptoms), and with factors predictive of poorer outcome (longer duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) and compulsory mode of admission). A more external LoC was associated with more negative symptoms and an insidious onset. When we explored these constructs across different ethnic groups, we found that Black patients had significantly higher self esteem than White British. This was again associated with specific symptom profiles. While British patients with lower self esteem were more likely to report delusions, hallucinations and negative symptoms, Black patients with a lower self esteem showed less disorganization symptoms. These findings suggest that self esteem and LoC may represent one way in which social experiences and contexts differentially influence vulnerable individuals along the pathway to psychosis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: First episode psychosis; Self esteem; Locus of Control; Clinical presentation; Ethnicity;
Subjects: University of Westminster > Science and Technology
SWORD Depositor: repository@westminster.ac.uk
Depositing User: repository@westminster.ac.uk
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2017 15:34
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2017 15:34
URI: http://westminsterresearch.wmin.ac.uk/id/eprint/18904

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