Defining the molecular basis of interaction between R3 receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatases and VE-cadherin

Dorofejeva, O. and Barr, A.J. (2017) Defining the molecular basis of interaction between R3 receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatases and VE-cadherin. PLoS ONE, 12 (9 : e0). pp. 1-23. ISSN 1932-6203

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Receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs) of the R3 subgroup play key roles in the immune, vascular and nervous systems. They are characterised by a large ectodomain comprising multiple FNIII-like repeats, a transmembrane domain, and a single intracellular phosphatase domain. The functional role of the extracellular region has not been clearly defined and potential roles in ligand interaction, di-merization, and regulation of cell-cell contacts have been reported. Here bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) in live cells was used to examine the molecular basis for the interaction of VE-PTP with VE-cadherin, two proteins involved in endothelial cell contact and maintenance of vascu-lar integrity. The potential of other R3-PTPs to interact with VE-cadherin was also explored using this method. Quantitative BiFC analysis, using a VE-PTP construct expressing only the ectodomain and transmembrane domain, revealed a specific interaction with VE-cadherin, when compared with con-trols. Controls were sialophorin, an unrelated membrane protein with a large ectodomain, and a mem-brane anchored C-terminal Venus-YFP fragment, lacking both ectodomain and transmembrane do-mains. Truncation of the first 16 FNIII-like repeats from the ectodomain of VE-PTP indicated that re-moval of this region is not sufficient to disrupt the interaction with VE-cadherin, although it occurs predominantly in an intracellular location. A construct with a deletion of only the 17th domain of VE-PTP was, in contrast to previous studies, still able to interact with VE-cadherin, although this also was predominantly intracellular. Other members of the R3-PTP family (DEP-1, GLEPP1 and SAP-1) also exhibited the potential to interact with VE-cadherin. The direct interaction of DEP-1 with VE-cadherin is likely to be of physiological relevance since both proteins are expressed in endothelial cells. Together the data presented in the study suggest a role for both the ectodomain and transmembrane domain of R3-PTPs in interaction with VE-cadherin.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Receptor, Tyrosine phosphatase, protein-protein interaction, fluorescence, cadherin, BiFC, FNIII;
Subjects: University of Westminster > Science and Technology
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Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2017 12:53
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2017 12:53

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