Discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation outside the workplace: is it actionable?

Connolly, Michael (2005) Discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation outside the workplace: is it actionable? Web Journal of Current Legal Issues, 2. ISSN 1360-1326


Download (272kB)
Official URL: http://webjcli.ncl.ac.uk/2005/issue2/connolly2.htm...


In 1998 the European Court of Justice - in Grant v. South West Trains Ltd (Case C-249/96) [1998] I.C.R. 449) - held that the existing EU sex discrimination legislation did not extend to discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation. Domestic courts have taken the same line with the Sex Discrimination Act 1975. However, since 1st December 2003, discrimination of grounds of sexual orientation has been unlawful in the workplace, under the Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations ('the Regulations') 2003 (S.I. 2003/1661, implemented in response to the Framework Directive, 2000/78/EC). Unfortunately, these new Regulations, covering employment matters only, do not correspond fully with the UK's existing legislative schemes provided by the Sex Discrimination Act, or the Race Relations Act 1976. This is because they do not extend to activities such as the provision of goods, facilities and services; housing, and education. However, in these activities, there are some cases of sexual orientation discrimination that may be argued under the Sex Discrimination Act, the Human Rights Act 1998, or the common law. These possibilities will be explored, sometimes with the help of the Canadian and United States' experiences.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: University of Westminster > Westminster Business School
Depositing User: Miss Nina Watts
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2006
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2011 09:11
URI: http://westminsterresearch.wmin.ac.uk/id/eprint/2254

Actions (login required)

Edit Item (Repository staff only) Edit Item (Repository staff only)