Liver dysfunction induced by bile duct ligation and galactosamine injection alters cardiac protein synthesis

Hunter, Ross V., Patel, Vinood B., Baker, A.J. and Preedy, Victor R. (2004) Liver dysfunction induced by bile duct ligation and galactosamine injection alters cardiac protein synthesis. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, 53 (8). pp. 964-968. ISSN 0026-0495

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Liver disease has been shown to affect the cardiovascular system and may influence cardiac protein metabolism. This hypothesis was tested by measuring rates of cardiac protein synthesis in 2 models of liver disease in rats. The study consisted of 5 groupsâ??group 1: control, injected with saline and fed ad libitum; group 2: acute liver injury, by dosage with 400 mg/kg galactosamine; group 3: injected with saline and pair-fed to group 2; group 4: chronic liver disease, using bile duct ligation; and group 5: sham-operated and pair-fed to group 4. Rates of cardiac protein synthesis were measured using the flooding dose technique. After 1 week, galactosamine injection caused the following cardiac changes, i.e. group (2) versus (3): an increased RNA content, RNA/DNA ratio, and RNA/protein ratio. However, there was no change in DNA or protein content, or protein/DNA ratio. There was an increase in the fractional rate of protein synthesis, and the absolute synthesis rate. Cellular efficiency was increased, but RNA activity remained unchanged. Comparison of groups 4 and 5 showed that bile duct ligation caused no change in any parameters measured. Although comparison of the ad libitum-fed group 1 with the bile duct ligation group 4 showed reduced cardiac weight, protein, and RNA content, with decreased right ventricular absolute synthesis rates; this was also seen in the pair-fed group 5, suggesting that these effects were due solely to reduced oral intake. Thus, although galactosamine-induced acute liver injury caused marked changes in cardiac biochemistry, bile duct ligation per se did not. This study also illustrates the importance of including a pair-fed group.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: University of Westminster > Science and Technology > Life Sciences, School of (No longer in use)
Depositing User: Users 4 not found.
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2005
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2010 11:39

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