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The health benefits of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: a review of the evidence

Ruxton, C.H.S. and Reed, Stephen C. and Simpson, K. and Millington, J. (2004) The health benefits of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: a review of the evidence. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 17 (5). pp. 449-459. ISSN 0952-3871

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2004.00552.x

Abstract

The UK dietary guidelines for cardiovascular disease acknowledge the importance of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) – a component of fish oils – in reducing heart disease risk. At the time, it was recommended that the average n-3 PUFA intake should be increased from 0.1 to 0.2 g day−1. However, since the publication of these guidelines, a plethora of evidence relating to the beneficial effects of n-3 PUFAs, in areas other than heart disease, has emerged. The majority of intervention studies, which found associations between various conditions and the intake of fish oils or their derivatives, used n-3 intakes well above the 0.2 g day−1 recommended by Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy (COMA). Furthermore, in 2004, the Food Standards Agency changed its advice on oil-rich fish creating a discrepancy between the levels of n-3 PUFA implied by the new advice and the 1994 COMA guideline. This review will examine published evidence from observational and intervention studies relating to the health effects of n-3 PUFAs, and discuss whether the current UK recommendation for long-chain n-3 PUFA needs to be revisited.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Online ISSN 1365-277X
Research Community:University of Westminster > Life Sciences, School of
ID Code:398
Deposited On:01 Dec 2005
Last Modified:12 Oct 2009 16:56

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