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Spatial processing, mental imagery, and creativity in individuals with and without sight

Eardley, Alison F. and Pring, Linda (2007) Spatial processing, mental imagery, and creativity in individuals with and without sight. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 19 (1). pp. 37-58. ISSN 0954-1446

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09541440600591965

Abstract

It has been argued that individuals born without sight are impaired on all “active” spatial imagery tasks (e.g., Vecchi, 1998). If this were the case, people without sight would be limited in their capacity to manipulate, amalgamate, or reorganise information within imagery. A consequence of this would be a difficulty in creating novel forms using imagery alone, which is the basis of the mental synthesis task (Finke & Slayton, 1988). This potential difficulty is investigated by exploring the performance of 12 early blind individuals and 15 blindfolded-sighted participants on both two- and three-dimensional versions of the mental synthesis task. Results indicated that, irrespective of visual status, spatial interference was detrimental to performance on the mental synthesis task. Furthermore, although those with sight performed better than those without sight in two dimensions, vision provided no performance advantage on the three-dimensional version of this task. In other words, individuals without sight are not impaired on all complex spatial tasks.

Item Type:Article
Research Community:University of Westminster > Social Sciences, Humanities and Languages, School of
ID Code:4516
Deposited On:31 Oct 2007
Last Modified:05 Nov 2009 09:41

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