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Initial adjustments within a new river channel: interactions between fluvial processes, colonizing vegetation, and bank profile development

Gurnell, Angela M. and Morrissey, Ian P. and Boitsidis, Angela J. and Bark, Tony and Clifford, Nicholas J. and Petts, Geoffrey E. and Thompson, Kenneth (2006) Initial adjustments within a new river channel: interactions between fluvial processes, colonizing vegetation, and bank profile development. Environmental Management, 38 (4). pp. 580-596. ISSN 0364-152X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00267-005-0190-6

Abstract

A conceptual model of the morphological development of the riparian margins of newly cut river channels is presented, suggesting early feedbacks between vegetation growth and bank form. To test the model, observations of long and cross profiles, bank sediment and seed deposition, and bank vegetation development were collected over the first 2 years of river flows through a reach of the River Cole, West Midlands, UK. The newly created channel had a sinuous planform and varying asymmetric trapezoidal cross section in sympathy with the planform. No imposed bedforms or bank reseeding were included in the design. Over the 2 years, development of bedforms was rapid, with bed sediment sorting and bank profile adjustment occurring more steadily and progressively. Six classes of bank profile were identified by the end of the study period, illustrating close associations with sediment aggradation, vegetation colonization, and growth patterns. Vegetation colonization of the banks was seeded predominantly from local sources during the summer and from hydrochory (transport by the river) during the winter. Colonizing vegetation on the riverbanks appeared to act as a significant propagule source by the second summer and as an increasingly important roughness element, trapping both propagules and sediment, within the second year and providing early feedback into bank evolution. As a result, the time required for riparian margin development in the conceptual model was found to be considerably longer than observed in the study river. In addition, the role of surface wash/bank failure in modifying the bank profile and transporting seeds onto the upper bank face during the first year of bank development was found to be important in initiating rapid bank vegetation colonization and surface stabilization. This set of processes had not been incorporated in the initial conceptual model. In relation to channel restoration, this research illustrates that in small temperate rivers of modest energy the provision of an initial, sinuous corridor is sufficient to induce rapid development of fluvial features and vegetation cover without the need to construct bed forms or to seed the banks.

Item Type:Article
Research Community:University of Westminster > Life Sciences, School of
ID Code:5904
Deposited On:10 Feb 2009 10:00
Last Modified:22 Dec 2009 09:59

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