WestminsterResearch

Bench development along the regulated, lower River Dee, UK

Changxing, Shi and Petts, Geoffrey E. and Gurnell, Angela M. (1999) Bench development along the regulated, lower River Dee, UK. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 24 (2). pp. 135-149. ISSN 0197-9337

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Official URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/4000575...

Abstract

Channel change to regulated flows along large lowland rivers with cohesive bank materials has been investigated on the lower Welsh Dee, including the tidally influenced reach. Reduction of channel width has involved the formation of a 5-40m wide discontinuous bench, often linking point and concave locations. Map evidence shows that wide benches occur where historically the channel had migrated laterally; narrow benches were found at stable channel locations. Auger cores of the bench deposits clearly differentiated the two contrasting depositional environments within meandering rivers: point bench and concave bench. Around an individual bend a morphologically continuous bench showed a gradient in sediment characteristics from coarser sediments (point locations) to finer organic deposits (concave locations); it also showed a topographic gradient, gaining 0.5m in elevation around the bend suggesting that bench accretion at concave locations is faster than at point locations in fluvially dominated reaches. Such patterns are suggested to have important implications for riparian ecosystems.

Item Type:Article
Research Community:University of Westminster > Life Sciences, School of
ID Code:5931
Deposited On:10 Feb 2009 12:07
Last Modified:22 Dec 2009 10:09

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