WestminsterResearch

A Grid implementation for profiling hospitals based on patient readmissions

Demir, Eren and Chaussalet, Thierry J. and Weingarten, Noam and Kiss, Tamas (2009) A Grid implementation for profiling hospitals based on patient readmissions. In: McClean, S. and Millard, P. and El-Darzi, E. and Nugent, C.D., (eds.) Intelligent patient management. Studies in Computational Intelligence (189). Springer, pp. 127-146. ISBN 9783642001789

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-00179-6_8

Abstract

Generally, high level of readmission is associated with poor patient care, hence its relation to the quality of care is plausible. Frequent patient readmissions have personal, financial and organisational consequences. This has motivated healthcare commissioners in England to use emergency readmission as an indicator in the performance rating framework. A statistical model, known as the multilevel transition model was previously developed, where individual hospitals propensity for first readmission, second readmission, third (and so on) were considered to be measures of performance. Using these measures, we defined a new performance index. During the period 1997 and 2004, the national (England) hospital episodes statistics dataset comprise more than 5 million patient readmissions. Implementing a statistical model using the complete population dataset could possibly take weeks to estimate the parameters. Moreover, it is not statistically sound to utilise the full population dataset. To resolve the problem, we extract 1000 random samples from the original data, where each random sample is likely to lead to differing hospital performance measures. For computational efficiency a Grid implementation of the model is developed. Using a stand-alone computer, it would take approximately 500 hours to estimate 1000 samples, whereas in the Grid implementation, the full 1000 samples were analysed in less than 24 hours. Analysing the output from the full 1000 sample, we noticed that 4 out of the 5 worst performing hospitals treating cancer patients were in London.

Item Type:Book Section
Research Community:University of Westminster > Electronics and Computer Science, School of
ID Code:6189
Deposited On:10 Mar 2009 16:13
Last Modified:14 Oct 2009 10:27

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