Yazid, Samia and Leoni , Giovanna and Getting, Stephen J. and Cooper, Dianne and Solito, Egle and Perretti, Mauro and Flower, Roderick J. (2010) Antiallergic cromones inhibit neutrophil recruitment onto vascular endothelium via Annexin-A1 mobilization. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 30 (9). pp. 1718-1724. ISSN 1079-5642
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/ATVBAHA.110.209536
Objective—To determine whether a mechanism exists that could operate on application of cromones, antiallertic "mast cell–stabilizing" drugs that release the anti-inflammatory protein annexin-A1 (Anx-A1) from U937 cells and inhibit polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) trafficking, because PMNs can synthesize and release large amounts of Anx-A1. Methods and Results—Intravital microscopy was used to monitor the actions of cromones in the inflamed microcirculation. Reperfusion injury provoked a dramatic increase in adherent and emigrated leukocytes in the mesenteric vascular bed, associated with augmented tissue levels of myeloperoxidase. Nedocromil, 2 to 20 mg/kg, significantly (P<0.05) inhibited cell adhesion and emigration, as well as myeloperoxidase release, in wild-type but not Anx-A1-/- mice. Short pretreatment of human PMNs with nedocromil, 10 nmol/L, inhibited cell adhesion (P<0.05) in the flow chamber assay, and this effect was reversed by specific anti-AnxA1 or a combination of anti–formyl peptide receptors 1 and 2, but not irrelevant control, antibodies. Western blotting experiments revealed that cromones stimulate protein kinase C–dependent phosphorylation and release Anx-A1 in human PMNs. Conclusion—We propose a novel mechanism to explain the anti-inflammatory actions of cromones on PMN trafficking, an effect that has long puzzled investigators.
|Research Community:||University of Westminster > Life Sciences, School of|
|Deposited On:||28 Jun 2010 14:15|
|Last Modified:||21 Sep 2010 11:59|
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