Scholey, Andrew B. and Owen, L. and Gates, John B. and Rodgers, Jacqui and Buchanan, Tom and Ling, Jonathan and Heffernan, Thomas M. and Swan, P. and Stough, C. and Parrott, Andrew C. (2010) Hair MDMA samples are consistent with reported Ecstasy use: findings from a study investigating effects of Ecstasy on mood and memory. Neuropsychobiology, 63 (1). pp. 15-21. ISSN 0302-282X
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000321833
Aims: Our group has conducted several Internet investigations into the biobehavioural effects of self-reported recreational use of MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine or Ecstasy) and other psychosocial drugs. Here we report a new study examining the relationship between self-reported Ecstasy use and traces of MDMA found in hair samples. Methods: In a laboratory setting, 49 undergraduate volunteers performed an Internet-based assessment which included mood scales and the University of East London Drug Use Questionnaire, which asks for history and current drug use. They also provided a hair sample for determination of exposure to MDMA over the previous month. Results: Self-report of Ecstasy use and presence in hair samples were consistent (p < 0.00001). Both subjective and objective measures predicted lower self-reported ratings of happiness and higher self-reported stress. Self-reported Ecstasy use, but not presence in hair, was also associated with decreased tension. Conclusion: Different psychoactive drugs can influence long-term mood and cognition in complex and dynamically interactive ways. Here we have shown a good correspondence between self-report and objective assessment of exposure to MDMA. These data suggest that the Internet has potentially high utility as a useful medium to complement traditional laboratory studies into the sequelae of recreational drug use.
|Research Community:||University of Westminster > Social Sciences, Humanities and Languages, School of|
|Deposited On:||15 Jul 2010 14:47|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2011 16:04|
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