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The attractive female body weight and female body dissatisfaction in 26 countries across 10 world regions: results of the International Body Project I

Swami, Viren and Frederick, David A. and Aavik, Toivo and Alcalay, Lidia and Allik, Jüri and Anderson, Donna and Andrianto, Sonny and Arora, Arvind and Brännström, Åke and Cunningham, John and Danel, Dariusz and Doroszewicz, Krystyna and Forbes, Gordon B. and Furnham, Adrian and Greven, Corina U. and Halberstadt, Jamin and Hao, Shuang and Haubner, Tanja and Hwang, Choon Sup and Inman, Mary and Jaafar, Jas Laile and Johansson, Jacob and Jung, Jaehee and Keser, Aşkın and Kretzschmar, Uta and Lachenicht, Lance and Li, Norman P. and Locke, Kenneth and Lönnqvist, Jan-Erik and Lopez, Christy and Loutzenhiser, Lynn and Maisel, Natalya C. and McCabe, Marita P. and McCreary, Donald R. and McKibbin, William F. and Mussap, Alex and Neto, Félix and Nowell, Carly and Peña Alampay, Liane and Pillai, Subash K. and Pokrajac-Bulian, Alessandra and Proyer, René T. and Quintelier, Katinka and Ricciardelli, Lina A. and Rozmus-Wrzesinska , Malgorzata and Ruch, Willibald and Russo, Timothy and Schütz, Astrid and Shackelford, Todd K. and Shashidharan, Sheeba and Simonetti, Franco and Sinniah, Dhachayani and Swami, Mira and Vandermassen, Griet and van Duynslaeger, Marijke and Verkasalo, Markku and Voracek , Martin and Yee, Curtis K. and Zhang, Echo Xian and Zhang, Xiaoying and Zivcic-Becirevic, Ivanka (2010) The attractive female body weight and female body dissatisfaction in 26 countries across 10 world regions: results of the International Body Project I. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36 (3). pp. 309-325. ISSN 0146-1672

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167209359702

Abstract

This study reports results from the first International Body Project (IBP-I), which surveyed 7,434 individuals in 10 major world regions about body weight ideals and body dissatisfaction. Participants completed the female Contour Drawing Figure Rating Scale (CDFRS) and self-reported their exposure to Western and local media. Results indicated there were significant cross-regional differences in the ideal female figure and body dissatisfaction, but effect sizes were small across high-socioeconomic-status (SES) sites. Within cultures, heavier bodies were preferred in low-SES sites compared to high-SES sites in Malaysia and South Africa (ds = 1.94-2.49) but not in Austria. Participant age, body mass index (BMI), and Western media exposure predicted body weight ideals. BMI and Western media exposure predicted body dissatisfaction among women. Our results show that body dissatisfaction and desire for thinness is commonplace in high-SES settings across world regions, highlighting the need for international attention to this problem.

Item Type:Article
Research Community:University of Westminster > Social Sciences, Humanities and Languages, School of
ID Code:8337
Deposited On:20 Jul 2010 17:01
Last Modified:20 Jul 2010 17:01

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