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Use of time and value of unpaid family care work: a comparison between Italy and Poland

Francavilla, Francesca and Giannelli, Gianna Claudia and Grotkowska, Gabriela and Socha, Mieczyslaw W. (2011) Use of time and value of unpaid family care work: a comparison between Italy and Poland. Discussion Paper. IZA Discussion Paper No. 5771.

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Abstract

The study provides a comparison of the size and value of unpaid family care work in two European member States, Italy and Poland. A micro-data analysis is conducted using the Italian and Polish time use surveys. Both the opportunity cost and the market replacement approaches are employed to measure family care work distinguishing between childcare and care of the elderly. The comparison between the two countries reveals that Italians participate somewhat less than Poles in child care, but substantially more in elderly care, because of demographic factors. However, the main explanation of the difference in the value of unpaid family care work, which is higher in Italy, is to be attributed to the discrepancy in hourly earnings, since average earnings of Poles are about one fifth of those of Italians. The value of unpaid family care work is more comparable when computed as percentage of the national GDP. Depending on the approach, it ranges between 3.7 and 4.4 per cent of the Polish GDP and 4.1 and 5 per cent of the Italian GDP. The national values of these activities are discussed and an interpretation of the country differentials in the family caretaking gender gaps is given in terms of differences in culture, economic development and institutions.

Item Type:Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Research Community:University of Westminster > Policy Studies Institute (PSI)
ID Code:9437
Deposited On:24 May 2011 15:19
Last Modified:07 Dec 2011 11:17

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