Essays on the impact of education on misclassified civic outcomes: studies of Italy and the UK

Delprato, Marcos (2010) Essays on the impact of education on misclassified civic outcomes: studies of Italy and the UK. Doctoral thesis, University of Westminster.


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In this dissertation I examine the impact of education on a range of civic outcomes in Italy and the UK which embody two of the main dimensions of social capital: civic engagement and social trust. The central aim of this thesis is to attain a credible re- lationship between education and civic outcomes, accounting for diverse issues which may obscure it. Namely, unobservables driving education choices (i.e., endogeneity), and the tendency to under-report sensitive topics and over-report civic opinions (i.e., misclassi?cation). This approach allows me to ascertain the extent to which the causal e?ect of schooling on the civic indicators is either genuine or is driven mainly by endogeneity and a systematic misreporting by educational levels. I also investigate how these elements vary by contextual factors of the two countries. The contribution in this area is given by utilizing data from these two countries, considering a distinct group of civic outcomes (i.e., civic opinions and civic behaviours) and by dealing with misreporting. Previous research does not explicitly control for misclassi?cation and focuses on civic engagement, one aspect of social capital. Furthermore, I con- tribute by introducing a hurdle ordered probit with misclassi?cation to account for two issues regarding the distribution of a self-reported ordered outcome, its skewness and its misclassi?cation. The main ?ndings are: (i) for Italy, qualitative overall con- clusions regarding the causality of education on civic outcomes are indeed a?ected when accounting for misclassi?cation: education turns out to be insigni?cant across civic behaviours, (ii) for the UK, on the contrary, education has signi?cant positive e?ects on all civic outcomes due to upward biases induced by endogeneity, (iii) both Italy and the UK, however, do not di?er substantially overall with regards to misre- porting: most civic outcomes are misclassi?ed for either country, and misreporting is more severe for civic behaviours due to a larger in uence of social desirability.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: University of Westminster > Westminster Business School
Depositing User: Miss Nina Watts
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2011 11:10
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2011 11:10

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